Agriculture is dying a slow death around the globe. Governments, developed or developing, have done very little to cause sustainable growth of farming practices around the world. Rather, most of the existing policies seem to be facilitating agriculture’s decline. Once the greatest contributor to the global economy, farming is now struggling to find a place on policy maker’s agendas. The growing influence of industrial products and abstract financial products has diminished agriculture’s importance and in turn has reduced it to an undesirable profession. Declining agriculture poses serious threat to an already dangling food security and global hunger. Additionally, it is resulting in a large scale unnatural and unsustainable urbanization especially in developing countries. Lack of innovation, talent, and organization is the key reason behind the fall of this sector. The solution to this lies in restructuring the education and creating enterprise opportunities by enhancing the role of advanced technology and internet into farming and agriculture practices. 
According to a popular development theory, this decline is a result of natural selection. As a country advances, it becomes less and less dependent on agriculture and its contribution into the GDP falls. Countries tend to develop in their own particular ways when you consider their history, topography, population, and culture. All cannot be either industrialized manufacturing economies or agrarian economies – there has to be a beneficial balance. States which have been predominantly agricultural should be encouraged internally and externally to incorporate practices to boost their agricultural yields and discover new ways to tie agricultural practice with modern enterprises. Agricultural yields and productivity per hectare is increasing because of modern practices, however, it has still not affected the sector in a whole in a positive manner. It is becoming increasingly difficult and expensive for individuals to operate in this sector. India, which once had farmers as its largest workforce is now losing 2000 farmers every day because of urbanization, unfavorable conditions, and suicides. There is a worrisome trend of decreasing ownership of cultivatable land and an increasing number of laborers.  Similar trends can be seen in China and Indonesia.  Being the largest and most influential country in South Asia, a decline in Indian agriculture could have serious impact on rest of the South Asia as well. The south Asian population is growing at a higher rate than its ability to produce food. The situation is not so different in developed countries either. In the United States, the average age of the farmer is rising every year and the number of farms has been on a decline and has now reached the lowest in the last century. Governments are finding it hard to attract younger generations into farming even after providing a range of incentives. There is a large migration of the workforce out of agriculture and rural areas into crowded towns and city centers. Contrary to the popular belief, rising urbanization puts greater pressure on the economy. A prime example of this is China, which needs to generate 10 million jobs every year to maintain its urban unemployment rate.  The current reliance of economic advancement and development is excessively tilted on manufacturing and financial products.
Policies in this sector need to be revitalized in order to restore the economic balance and reinvigorate the growth of this sector. Governments have been exhausting their resources only in providing monetary assistance to farmers in the forms of subsidies and loans. For any sector or profession to become sustainable, a lot depends on the quality of the workforce, which is directly related to sectorial education and R&D. Agriculture, which is usually considered a practice of the Labor Economy, needs to be transformed into being a part of the Talent Economy. We can begin by modernizing agricultural education by linking it to other popular career streams. Proper farming education is an amalgamation of life sciences, engineering, and business studies. It involves research and development, tools and manufacturing, infrastructure improvement, supply chain management, product diversification, and sales and trading. The current system focuses only on agricultural practices and lacks explanation of its commercial value and exploring new avenues of innovation. Institutions are severely underfunded and outdated. The faculty and student body have niche interests that inhibit them from exploring different aspects of this avenue. Introducing or updating subjects such as ‘agro-science’ and ‘agro-business’ would help in several ways. First, it would organize and strengthen this sector into a proper and broader field of study. Second, it would diversify its workforce from the current owner and laborer mentality. And third, it would initiate small scale agricultural enterprises and local cooperatives. This way, agriculture might have a shot at growing back into significance. The best way to summarize the importance and necessity of this effort is through a World Bank report that asserts, ‘Agriculture can help reduce poverty for 78% of the world’s poor, who live in rural areas and work mainly in farming. It can raise incomes, improve food security and benefit the environment.’ 
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